segunda-feira, 20 de fevereiro de 2012

Paulo Freire banido no Arizona/EUA

Compartilhamos abaixo matérias que mostram o "banimento" de Paulo Freire de escolas do Arizona/EUA. Contamos com a colaboração de colegas que nos enviaram links como o colega e professor/pesquisador Manuel Pinto, da Universidade do Minho/Portugal. Acreditamos que o fato vai começar a circular mais fortemente depois do carnaval. Fiquem de olho! 

Paulo Freire banido
O secretário da educação do Arizona disse que notou que Che Guevara era tratado como um herói, enquanto que Benjamin Franklin era considerado racista pela turma.
Silvio Mieli (*) - Jornal Brasil de Fato

O livro Pedagogia do Oprimido, do educador brasileiro Paulo Freire, foi banido das escolas públicas de Tucson, no estado do Arizona, sudoeste dos Estados Unidos da América (EUA).
Seguindo a lógica antilatina que marca as recentes decisões jurídico-políticas no estado, agora uma lei suspendeu o currículo baseado no Programa de Estudos Mexicanos/Americanos, que durante uma década ajudou a conscientizar os alunos das suas raízes culturais.
Lembrando que 10,3% da população dos EUA é composta de “chicanos” e 30% da população da cidade de Tucson apresenta a mesma origem étnica.
Em meados de janeiro, os livros de Paulo Freire, assim como os de Elizabeth Martinez, Rodolfo Corky Gonzales, Arturo Rosales, Rodolfo Acuna e Bill Bigelow foram retirados do programa e proibidos pela Secretaria de Educação de Tucson de serem aplicados, em cumprimento à lei estadual que considera os estudos mexicanos “doutrinadores” e “portadores de um único ponto de vista”.
Para justificar a medida, o secretário da educação do Arizona John Huppenthal disse que, ao visitar uma escola em Tucson, notou que Che Guevara era tratado como um herói, inclusive com direito a pôster numa das salas de aula, enquanto que Benjamin Franklin era considerado racista pela turma. Huppenthal julgou intolerável que o termo “oprimido” do livro de Paulo Freire fosse inspirado no Manifesto Comunista de Marx e Engels, “que considera que a inteira história da humanidade é uma batalha entre opressores e oprimidos”, criticou o secretário.
A suspensão do programa priva os alunos de compreenderem melhor os fatores históricos da ocupação do território onde vivem (parte do Arizona pertencia ao México e foi anexada pelos EUA), além de impedir o contato de uma inteira geração com o método emancipador de Paulo Freire.
O que não percebem os que executam a educação “bancária”, no termo usado por Paulo Freire em Pedagogia do Oprimido, é que nos próprios “depósitos” se encontram as contradições. E, cedo ou tarde, esses “depósitos” podem provocar um confronto com a realidade e despertar os educandos contra a sua ”domesticação”.
(*) Silvio Mieli é jornalista e professor universitário 
Fonte: Brasil de Fato - 13/02/2012

Paulo Freire’s book, ‘A Pedagogy of the Oppressed’ banned in Tucson: A note from Bill Bigelow and ReThinking Schools

Jornal The Daily Censored 18/02/2012
Bill Bigelow

Dear Rethinking Schools friends,
Did you see the news last week? On Friday,we learned that our book Rethinking Columbus was banned— along with other books used in Tucson’s Mexican American Studies program, including Paulo Freire’s A Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Rodolfo Acuña’s Occupied America, and Elizabeth Martinez’s 500 Years of Chicano History in Pictures. So we’re in good company.
School authorities confiscated the books during class—boxed them up and hauled them off. As one student said, “We were in shock … It was very heartbreaking to see that happening in the middle of class.”
This is the latest chapter in the rightwing attempt to ban ethnic studies in Arizona. Last week, facing the loss of $15 million in state support, the governing board of Tucson’s schools voted 4-1 to terminate the popular and successful Mexican American Studies program.
On Friday, I spoke to the Tucson school district’s director of communications, who told me that the books had to be seized and carted away, because they were “evidence”—as if the teaching going on there were a crime scene. On Tuesday, the district protested that no books had been “banned”—although district officials admitted that they had been “boxed and stored” and could not be used in class. Sounds like “banning” to me.
Rethinking Schools is talking with teachers, students, and activists in Tucson about how we can help their struggle there. We will let you know as we gather ideas.
Do you have ideas to express support for Tucson teachers and students, and to organize opposition to Arizona’s banning of Mexican American Studies and Tucson’s confiscation of books in their curriculum? Please post ideas to the Rethinking Schools facebook page, or if you’re not on facebook, e-mail me.
We’ll follow up soon.
For more information, check out Jeff Biggers’ article, “Who’s Afraid of ‘The Tempest’?” Debbie Reese’s, “Teaching Critical Thinking in Arizona: NOT ALLOWED,” Biggers’ Huffington Postinterview with Tucson teacher Curtis Acosta, and my Rethinking Schools blog post.
Thanks for your important work.
Paulo Freire in Arizona / Arizona, in the Classroom

Last week’s memorial service in Tucson, which began 
with a blessing by a professor of Yaqui Indian and 
Mexican heritage, showcased Arizona’s rich diversity
 as well as the love and tolerance of many of its citizens.

Unfortunately there is another Arizona, one where its state

 government all too often promotes discord and intolerance.
 This was painfully clear in the state’s immigration law, which
 empowers the police to demand the papers of suspected illega
l immigrants. And it is painfully clear in a new education law that
 injects nativist fears directly into the public school classroom.

The law, which took effect Dec. 31, bans any courses or classes

 that “promote resentment toward a race or class of people” or
 “advocate ethnic solidarity instead of the treatment of pupils
 as individuals.” Arizona’s new attorney general, Tom Horne,
 immediately used it to declare illegal a Mexican-American
 ethnic-studies program in the Tucson Unified School District.

Mr. Horne, who wrote the law when he was superintendent of

 public instruction, accused the program of “brainwashing” Latino
 students, of teaching “ethnic chauvinism” because it uses
 works by authors critical of the United States’ historical
 relationship with Latin America and its past treatment of 
Latinos. He has not gone after similar programs for black, 
Asian or American Indian students.

It’s hard to object to the portions of the law that discourage

 the overthrow of the government. But Mr. Horne goes way
 overboard in trying keep high school students from studying
 works like Paulo Freire’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed,” a classic
 educational text, or any effort to deepen students’ understanding
 of history, and their place in the world. Tucson school officials
 say that far from stoking teenage resentment, the program has
 helped students keep their grades up and stay in school.

The school district has been put in a bind: shut the program

 down or lose state financing. Eleven teachers have sued 
to block the law. The school board, regrettably, did not
join the lawsuit.

Educators and parents across the state should resist this

effort to clamp down on education. Justice demands it. And 
even this ill-considered law suggests that Mr. Horne has badly
overreached. One passage reads: “Nothing in this section shall
 be construed to restrict or prohibit the instruction of the
 Holocaust, any other instance of genocide, or the historica
l oppression of a particular group of people based on ethnicity,
race or class.”

Arizona was rightly criticized in the 1980s and early 90’s when
it refused to join the nation in declaring Martin Luther King’s 
Birthday a holiday. It finally agreed in 1992, and the whole country
has since traveled closer toward racial harmony. Arizona’s political
leaders shame themselves and their citizens when they preach
and promote the opposite. 

Paulo Freire Is the Enemy of the People (Says Arizona)

No blog (acima) de uma professor ucraniana radicada 
nos EUA (
ela comenta, com ironia, que Paulo Freire tornou-se
um "inimigo do povo" e que: 

"When you get to the point where you ban
 Paulo Freire and [o livro] Rethinking Columbus,
 there is no hope for you. I always thought that
 schools were places that promoted learning and 
reading, that they fostered the culture of appreciating
 the written word. And now books are banned? 
And such brilliant books, too?" 

Fonte: Mídias na Educação

Um comentário:

  1. Estimada Cristiane,
    é espantosa a cegueira ... e a burrice! Se Freire e outros representavam uma perspetiva única, em vez de complementar com outras perspetivas, acaba-se com Freire et al. Aí se desmascara que o problema,afinal, é outro!
    Mais informação aqui:
    e aqui: