domingo, 29 de dezembro de 2013

Los estilos de aprendizaje de la "Generación Z”

Si queréis saber más acerca de las “generaciones” o tenéis curiosidad por saber a cuál pertenecéis podeís consultar el post Aprender en un mundo siempre en beta, teniendo en cuenta que hoy en día el término “generación” no es un término biológico, sino que viene definido socialmente como “conjunto de personas nacidas en un período de tiempo similar (con un margen de unos 15 años más o menos) y que comparten un estilo de vida determinado por un conjunto de hechos, tendencias y desarrollos sociales a causa de vivir el mismo período de tiempo”
El informe, evidentemente ha sido realizado en inglés, y tomando como referencia la población australiana, pero me ha interesado especialmente el apartado concerniente a EDUCACIÓN, ESTILOS DE APRENDIZAJE y ENTORNOS DE APRENDIZAJE que caracterizan a la última generación de habitantes de países con un desarrollo socio-económico similar al de Australia (entre ellos el nuestro, salvando las diferencias…), y que recoge las siguientes ideas, que me he atrevido a traducir “libremente”:

LA EDUCACIÓN

  • La EDUCACIÓN ya no es una etapa cerrada y acabada  de la vida, ni limitada a espacios concretos.
  • El auge tecnológico facilita que sea una generación MÁS EMPRENDEDORA.
  • El PROFESOR pasa a ser un transmisor de contenidos a un CREADOR y CONSUMIDOR de los mismo.
  • Se pasa de entornos formales a ENTORNOS INTERACTIVOS.
  • El foco pasa del contenido al PROCESO DE TRATAMIENTO DE LA INFORMACIÓN: cómo almacenarla, analizarla y aplicarla.

LOS ESTILOS DE APRENDIZAJE

  • La Generación Z vive y crece en un enorme “LIBRO ABIERTO”, donde todo está a “dos clicks” de distancia. Se está interconectado con otros países y culturas y con una forma de COMUNICACIÓN  primordialmente VISUAL.
  • El APRENDIZAJE es cada vez más FLEXIBLE y MÓVIL, lo que plantea nuevas alternativas de “tiempo escolar”.
  • Las aulas tienden a cambiar: de espacios donde se imparten clases a espacios COLABORATIVOS E INTERACTIVOS, donde se apoye “EL VIAJE EDUCATIVO”.
  • La tecnología permite que el aprendizaje tenga lugar también en casa (clase “invertida”)
  • Los estudiantes fallan porque EL SISTEMA LES FALLA: la forma de comunicación que se emplea en las aulas, usa métodos del siglo XX para alumnos nacidos en el siglo XXI.
  • Los estudiantes de hoy son una generación MULTI-MODAL, y por ello demandan múltiples formas y canales de aprendizaje.

CÓMO HA CAMBIADO LA FORMA DE APRENDER

Aquí os dejo una infografía que resume los principales cambios en la forma de aprender en el siglo XXI:
Generación X vs Generación Z

Ahora sólo falta que los profesores que todavía no se han dado cuenta de que la generación actual no tiene nada que ver con las anteriores,  comiencen cuanto antes a formarse y actualizarse en sus métodos de enseñanza. Que así sea…
Sería una lástima que los niños de la  Generación Z pasaran a ser una generación fracasada porque el sistema educativo no ha sabido adaptarse a ellos.

European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL) - October 2014



The 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (or ECIL) organized by the Department of Information and Communication Sciences of Zagreb University and Department of Information Management of Hacettepe University, Turkey. 2nd European Conference on Information Literacy (or ECIL) will be held on 20-23 October 2014 in Dubrovnik at the Valamar Lacroma Hotel, in Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Important Dates
First Call: 24 November 2013
Second Call: 26 January 2014
Third Call: 23 February 2014
Abstract submission: 16 March 2014
Notification of acceptance: 6 April 2014
Deadline for submitting final versions: 18 May 2014
Full paper: 15 June 2014
Notification of acceptance full paper: 27 July 2014
Full paper final version: 17 August 2014
Registration starts: 30 May 2014
Conference sessions: 20-23 October 2014

More information: http://ecil2014.org/

Media literacy research and policy in Europe. A review of recent, current and planned activities


Media literacy research and policy in Europe. A review of recent, current and planned activities is "the report of an expert seminar held in Brussels on 12/09/13, organised by the Media Literacy Task Force of the COST Action, Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies. 25 media literacy experts from academia, policy and regulatory institutions came together to identify the current state of play and future directions for media literacy research and policy in Europe. In addition to capturing the main contributions made during the seminar, the report pulls out the recent history of media literacy policy at European level and highlights new indications of interest in this domain within the EC. The report concludes with recommendations for advancing this increasingly important area of research and policy".

By Livingstone, S., Bulger, M. & Zaborowski, R. 
2013 - London

To read the reportclick here: http://www.lse.ac.uk/media@lse/documents/MPP/COST-Media-literacy-research-and-policy-in-Europe-final.pdf

sábado, 28 de dezembro de 2013

How to focus in the age of distraction



Via @viamultimedia

Em livro, crianças imaginam significados para diferentes palavras


Criança é "responsável pelo dever de casa", segundo Luisa, de oito anos. Já para Johanna, de dez, criança é o que ela está vivendo. Essa é apenas uma das muitas palavras definidas em "Casa das Estrelas", livro do professor colombiano Javier Naranjo, que acaba de sair pela editora Foz, com ilustrações da francesa Lara Sabatier.

Javier teve a ideia de unir frases de seus alunos em 1988, durante uma festa de comemoração do Dia da Criança, quando pediu para que cada um da turma escrevesse em seu caderno uma resposta para a questão "O que é uma criança para você?".

Desde então, o professor foi juntando definições de crianças para palavras como adulto ("Pessoa que, em toda coisa que fala, vem primeiro ela", segundo Andrés, 8), branco ("O branco é a cor que não pinta", Jonathan, 11), corpo ("É no que colocamos a roupa", Camila, 7) e tempo ("É hora, é demora", Ligeya, 9).

A ideia é valorizar o que dizem as crianças, já que, segundo Javier, "em todos os lugares do mundo sua voz é menosprezada".

Muitos dos alunos de Javier hoje são adultos, e ele se encontrou com alguns deles já crescidos. "Eles reafirmaram com um brilho de verdade nos olhos o que disseram quando pequenos", conta.

Lara, ilustradora de Paris que mora na Bolívia, imaginou o livro como a vida -começou com a infância e foi até a velhice.

Ao final, ela desenha uma equilibrista. Para Lara, essa figura representa a busca pela felicidade, que ela define como "um equilíbrio entre alegria, amor, ódio e raiva".

A frase favorita de Lara é a definição de Weimar, 9, para quem a eternidade "é esperar uma pessoa".

"CASA DAS ESTRELAS"
AUTOR Javier Naranjo (tradução Carla Branco)
EDITORA Foz
PREÇO R$ 29,90
INDICAÇÃO a partir de 7 anos

Leia a entrevista com o professor que fez o dicionário com definições de crianças:

Facebook está 'morto e sepultado' para adolescentes mais velhos, diz estudo

Adolescentes estão migrando do Facebook para serviços alternativos por
causa de usuários mais velhos, segundo estudo
Segundo um extenso estudo europeu, o Facebook está "morto e sepultado" para os adolescentes mais velhos, que estão migrando para Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp e Snapchat.

Ao pesquisar o uso da rede social por pessoas entre 16 e 18 anos em oito países da União Europeia, o estudo Global Social Media Impact diz que, enquanto pais, mães e usuários mais velhos saturam o Facebook, os mais jovens vão para plataformas alternativas.

"O Facebook não está apenas em queda –está basicamente morto e enterrado", escreveu Daniel Miller, antropólogo que liderou a equipe da pesquisa e professor de cultura material na UCL (University College London).

quarta-feira, 18 de dezembro de 2013

A leitura em números - Guia sobre hábitos de leitura no Brasil

Em dezembro o Instituto Ecofuturo completa 14 anos e para comemorar a data lança o guia "A Leitura em Números", desenvolvido em parceria com a Secretaria de Assuntos do Governo Federal (SAE). 

Na publicação é possível encontrar vários dados sobre hábitos de leitura no Brasil, frutos de pesquisas nacionais e internacionais. A ideia é subsidiar artigos, trabalhos, reflexões, futuras pesquisas e debates sobre a melhoria do nível de leitura no país.

A organização foi de Andrezza Rosalém, da Estudos e Oportunidades, sob a coordenação de Ricardo Paes de Barros, pesquisador do IPEA (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada) e atual secretário da SAE.

Para acessar: http://www.bibliotecavirtualecofuturo.org.br/item/leitura-em-numeros 

terça-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2013

Warsaw session explored the latest best practice -- and new ideas

Winners of 2013 World Young Reader Prizes received 
their awards, told how they did it and then explored 
new territories with the other participants at 
WAN-IFRA's Youth Engagement Summit in Warsaw,
Poland


Aslak Gottlieb of Denmark. left, interviewed Polish 
students Emilia Kolodziej and Piotr Slugocki, who then 
judged participants' proposals in the Ideathon


News executives from 22 countries who already do well 
at engaging the young spent two and a half days in 
Warsaw this week at WAN-IFRA’s Youth Engagement 
Summit & Workshops exploring how to do even
better.
“This meeting was NOT for people who wanted to 
discuss how important young readers are for the 
future of newspapers,” explained Grzegorz Piechota, 
Head of Editorial Development for Gazeta Wyborcza, 
which hosted the event. “We know it already. 
We met rather to share case studies on successful
initiatives, to discuss in detail what works and 
what is a waste of money, and to network with 
people like us who prefer to face challenges in 
a bold way instead of only talking about them.”
And bold they were.












First participants heard the winners of the 2013 
World Young Reader Prizes share the lessons 
for others in their successes.Then they explored 
how to work with corporate partners, how to think
again about sustainable print editions for children 
and how to do truly effective digital-first connections.
Then they  engaged in an “Ideathon” led by the 
Knight Foundation's Chris Sopher and Danish 
Newspapers in Education (NIE) expert Aslak Gottlieb 
that included testing some new ideas on a two-person 
panel of Polish teenagers after creating personas 
based on their likes and dislikes.
Panel member Piotr Slugocki, 19, a music lover and 
drummer, said he “didn’t read newspapers ever” and 
both he and Emilia Kolodziej, 17, agreed that if they 
needed to find out breaking news they’d turn to the 
internet, radio or just “call my mother.”
Personas of Piotr and EmiliaPersonas of Piotr and Emilia















Their personas -- depicted visually by artist Julian 
Kücklich –- included demographics, habits and 
behaviors to were used by the group to 
brainstorm new products that would catch
their attention, and ultimately their loyalty.
Emilia’s “persona” described her as loving books, 
especially Tolkien and fantasy, fire dancing and
her mobile phone.
Throughout the three-day summit many particpants 
and speakers commented on the importance of focusing
on life stage interests and content rather than only 
considering a young person's age. This left the 
participants with a challenge: how to harness Piotr 
and Emilia's interests to improve their news literacy, 
and set up them up to be lifelong readers.

Participants had to pitch ideas to the student panel.
Pitches included a tailored newsfeed that grows only
with your interests, user-generated reviews on music
and books by youth, and a to-make-it-happen 
application where users showcase their wishes in 140
characters and readers vote for the best dream.
Emilia and Piotr said they liked most of the ideas, 
especially ones that targeted just their interests. 
At the close of the session, participants were able to 
pitch their own idea that could become the next
innovation at home.
From left, Markus, Alexandra, Cristiane, Aslak and Chris.From left, Markus, Alexandra, Cristiane, Aslak and Chris.












Other members of the Ideathon team were Alexandra
Waldhorn of WAN-IFRA and Radio France International,
Markus Pettersson of Resultatfabriken Consulting in Sweden)
and Cristiane Parente, former youth programme director
for ANJ, the Brazilian publishers association and now a
researcher at Minho University in Portugal, and Dr.
Aralynn McMane, WAN-IFRA executive director for
youth engagement and news literacy.
Both of the Polish students have been involved with
the Junior Media programme of Polskapresse, which
arranged for their participation, along with their
teacher Monika Konopnicka.

PARTNERS AT WORK

Several organizations helped make the event possible:
Gazeta Wyborcza, which contributed the venue,
staff and other crucial elements of support; Polskapresse,
which hosted several key events and people; IWP,
the Polish publishers association, which heartily endorsed
and publicized the event; The Knight Foundation,
which provided a key team member;Chevron Indonesia,
which supported key elements of the event, the Indian 
Embassy in Warsaw, which hosted an event to honor
the publishers who combined efforts to make India the
World Young Reader Country of the Year, the
European Newspaper Publishers Association, which
provided a guide to top-notch media literacy actions
by European news publishers, and the Warsaw 
Tourism Bureau, which helped make sure particpants
could expore and better understand Poland's capitol city.
Here is a look some ways they helped.
Gazeta Wyborcza founding editor Adam Michnik (top) 
opened the session noting that the events in Ukraine 
served as a sobering reminder that democracy and freedom
are neither guaranteed nor easy to assure, and editorial 
director Grzegorz Piechota reminded the audience at 
the special Presidential Palace session about the 
path to and lessons of Poland’s own hard-won democracy.
Marketing director Magdalena Chudzikiewicz (center) 
shared the secrets of success of youth-related partnerships. 
The company provided two students from the 
Polskapresse JuniorMedia initiatlive (Piotr Slugocki,at 
left, and Emilia Kolodziej, at right) to help participants 
practice creating personas to help them better 
determine effective modes of youth engagement.
A working group of IWP, the Polish national publishers 
association, met in a session hosted by Poskapresse to 
explore with representatives of such associations in 
Ireland, Brazil (with Cristiane Parente talking about 
Media Literacy), Norway, Finland and Russia various
options for a joint youth action in Poland. 
Kicking off the session was IWP president Wieslaw 
Podkanski of Ringer Axel Springer Polska. 
The Knight Foundation kindly provided Christopher 
Sopher, journalism programme associate, to lead an 
Ideathon designed to help participants transform a few 
– or even one -- of the many ideas that came to them 
during the summit into workable actions they could 
actually do once they returned to the 
realities of the office.
Harry Bustamen of Chevron Indonesia, above center, 
reminded participants about why a corporation might 
want be a partner with a news publisher in efforts 
than enhance the education of young citizens, 
especially in ways that combine basic knowledge with
news literacy. Chevron and the Jakarta Post 
Foundation supported the all-important transport 
of participants around chilly Warsaw. 









Indian ambassador to Poland Monika Kapil Mohta 
hosted a get-together for all the 2013 World Young 
Reader Prize winners from 21 countries in honor 
of the Indian news publishers who combined to 
win that country WAN-IFRA's World Young Reader 
Country of the Year award.  She is pictured here 
with the news executives representing the 
country: from The Telegraph, The Times of India, 
Mathrubhumi, I-next, Malayala Manorama, Dainik 
Bhaskar Group and The Hindu. It is only the 
second time WAN-IFRA has made such a 
country-level award, with Brazil being the 
first such honoree in 2005.










The media literacy committee of the European 
Newspaper Publishers Association, chaired 
by Danièle Fonck of Editpresse, Luxembourg, 
provided copies of its new compendium of the
wide variety of actions by news organizations 
that help youth learn about the news all 
over Europe. Details and a PDF download of the 
publication are available here: 
http://preview.tinyurl.com/ENPA guide